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DeVille (also De Ville and de Ville) was originally a trim level and later a model of General Motors' Cadillac marque. The first car to bear the name was the 1949 Coupe de Ville, a prestige trim level of the Series 62 luxury coupe. The last model to be formally known as a DeVille was the 2005 Cadillac DeVille, a full-size sedan, the largest car in the Cadillac model range at the time. The next year, the DeVille was officially renamed DTS (an acronym standing for DeVille Touring Sedan, itself a trim level on earlier models). The name "DeVille" (French: "of the city" or "town") is a reference to the town car body style, which featured an open chauffer's compartment and an enclosed passenger compartment. The term was also used by Lincoln in 1922, to describe a one-off model built for Henry Ford. In Cadillac parlance, DeVille was first used to designate a deluxe trim level on hardtop or "pillarless"-body cars. At first, DeVille trim was available only on the Series 62, but pillared sedans were not available in DeVille trim until the 1965 model year, when DeVille became an independent trim line, including a convertible and pillared sedan.
The first Cadillac to bear the DeVille name was the 1949 Coupe De Ville, with a 4-door hardtop version appearing in 1956 (a one-off Sedan de Ville was built in 1954). Both cars were based on the Series 62. In 1956 the Coupe deVille was joined by the Sedan deVille, a four-door hardtop sedan. The Sedan deVille would ultimately outlive its two-door predecessor. For 1958 the car was fitted with quad headlights.
In 1959 the DeVille line was redesigned and separated in a distinct Series 63. The new model featured full fender skirts and a sleeker front end. The Coupe de Ville, like other Cadillacs, grew substantially larger and more powerful from 1949 through the early 1970s. By 1973 it was 4 in. (101.6 mm) longer in wheelbase, 17 inches (431.8 mm) longer overall, and more than 900 lb (408 kg) heavier, and its standard V8 engine had grown from 331 in³ (5.4 L) to 472 in³ (7.7 L).
Specifications. Body : length/width/height/wheelbase – cm (in) : 572/203/142/330 (225.2/79.9/55.9/130); weight : 2215 kg (4890 lb).
Engine : front-mounted V8 6384 cc (390 ci.), 16 valves, 1 x 4 carb, automatic 3-speed gearbox, rear-wheel drive. Maximum power : 325 bhp @ 4800 rpm. Top speed : ± 180 km/h (118 mph).