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The CitroŽn 2CV (French: ďdeux chevauxĒ i.e. ďdeux chevaux fiscauxĒ, literally ďtwo tax horsepowerĒ) was an economy car produced by the French automaker CitroŽn from 1948-1990. It was technologically advanced and innovative, but with extremely utilitarian and deceptively simple Bauhaus inspired bodywork, that belied the sheer quality of its underlying engineering. It was designed to move the French peasantry on from horses and carts. It is considered one of CitroŽn's most iconic cars. In 1953, 'Autocar' in a technical review of the car wrote of, "...the extraordinary ingenuity of this design, which is undoubtedly the most original since the Model T Ford." It was described by CAR magazine journalist and author LJK Setright as "the most intelligent application of minimalism ever to succeed as a car." It was designed for low cost, simplicity of use, versatility, reliability, and off-road driving. For this it had a light, easily serviceable engine, extremely soft long travel suspension (with adjustable ride height), high ground clearance, and for oversized loads a car-wide canvas sunroof (which until 1960 also covered the boot).
During a production run of 42 years between 1948 and 1990, 3,872,583 2CVs were produced, plus 1,246,306 camionnettes (small 2CV trucks), as well as spawning mechanically identical vehicles like the Ami ó 1,840,396, Dyane ó 1,444,583, Acadiane ó 253,393, and Mehari ó 144,953: a grand total of 8,756,688.
From 1988 onwards, production took place in Portugal rather than in France until 1990.
specifications. Bodywork. Length/width/height/wheelbase Ė cm (in) : 378/148/160/240 (148.8/58.3/63/94.5); weight : 560 kg (1236 lbs).
Engine : 2-cylinders 602 cc (37 in), front-mounted, 1 carb Solex, 4-speed, manual, rear-wheel drive. Power : 29 bhp @ 5750 rpm. Top speed : 115 km/h (71 mph).